He suffered from severe insomnia for his entire life.
 Theodore Strauss of The New York Times wrote that "Mr. Tracy's portrait of Hyde is not so much evil incarnate as it is the ham rampant. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Tracy as the 9th greatest male star of Classic Hollywood Cinema. , MGM capitalized on Tracy's popularity, casting him in four movies for 1940.  It closed on January 19, 1946, after 81 performances. In 1935, he joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, at the time Hollywood's most prestigious studio. In a letter to Tracy: "There you were—really the greatest movie actor. Certainly the best actor. He had been through a dark patch personally—culminating with a hospital stay—and Hepburn felt that a play would help restore his focus. Internment will be in Forest Lawn Memorial-Park, under direction of Cunningham and O’Connor Mortuary. , Tracy left the family home in 1933, and he and Louise openly discussed the separation with the media, maintaining that they were still friends and had not taken divorce action. Starred in eight Oscar Best Picture nominees: The first and one of only two actors to ever receive back to back, consecutive Best Actor Oscars.  He was loaned to Warner Bros. for 20,000 Years in Sing Sing (1932), a prison drama co-starring Bette Davis. Deschner (1972) p. 47, quotes, Curtis (2011) p. 333.  She resisted telling Tracy for three months.  Knowing that he needed the money for his family—his young son was deaf and recovering from polio—Tracy signed with Fox and moved to California.  In January 1924, he played his first leading role with a company in Winnipeg, but the organization soon closed. He was 67. Tracy was unhappy with the film, disliking the heavy make-up he needed to portray Hyde.  His first film under the new contract was the quickly produced The Murder Man (1935), which included the feature film debut of James Stewart.  Knowing that he needed the money for his family—his young son was deaf and recovering from polio—Tracy signed with Fox and moved to California.  Tracy was cast in two Vitaphone shorts (Taxi Talks and The Hard Guy), but he had not considered becoming a film actor: "I had no ambition in that direction and I was perfectly happy on the stage", he later explained in an interview. Winfield Sheehan, the head of Fox, committed to making Tracy a bankable commodity. Tracy and Freddie Bartholomew in Captains Courageous (1937). He told Joan Fontaine, "I can get a divorce whenever I want to, but my wife and Kate like things just as they are. , — Tracy was a key member of his college debating team, which he later said helped with his acting career.  The film became Tracy's biggest money-loser at MGM. His career flourished with a series of hit films, and in 1937 and 1938 he won consecutive Oscars for Captains Courageous and Boys Town. He listened, he felt, he said the words without forcing anything. Tracy first discovered his talent for acting while attending Ripon College, and he later received a scholarship for the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. "His is such simplicity of performance, such naturalness and humor.  In Hollywood, however, the intimate nature of the Tracy-Hepburn partnership was an open secret. Named the #9 Greatest Actor on The 50 Greatest Screen Legends List by The American Film Institute, When he needed a break he would often go back to Milwaukee and frequent the local watering holes.  Rather than being a steady drinker, as commonly thought, he was prone to periods of binging on alcohol. " Hepburn, in an interview six years after Tracy's death, suggested that Tracy wished he had held a different profession. Based on the positive response he had received in San Francisco, MGM again cast Tracy as a priest in Boys Town (1938). He had a brief romantic relationship with Loretta Young in the 1930s and a lifelong one with Katharine Hepburn beginning in 1942. , While making Woman of the Year in September 1941, Tracy began what was to become a lifelong relationship with Katharine Hepburn. Curtis (2011) pp.  It proved a popular draw and their productions were favorably received.  Tracy made a total of 25 pictures in the five years he was with Fox Film Corporation, most of which lost money at the box office. Tracy was a popular student at Ripon, where he served as president of his hall and was involved in a number of college activities.
 The contract also stated for the first time that his billing was to be "that of a star".  There was never again an official separation between Tracy and his wife, but the marriage continued to be troubled. " Louise, meanwhile, reportedly commented: "I will be Mrs. Spencer Tracy until the day I die. [on being asked why he was always billed above long-time companion. , Tracy in Fritz Lang's Fury (1936), his first major hit, In the 1930s, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was the most respected movie production studio in Hollywood.  His public reputation continued to grow with Libeled Lady (also 1936), a screwball comedy that cast him with William Powell, Loy and Harlow.  In 1955 Tracy turned down William Wyler's The Desperate Hours because he refused to take second-billing to Humphrey Bogart. There were times when my pants were so thin, I could sit on a dime and know if it was heads or tails. Kanin (1971), p. 64 also notes Tracy's admiration for Roosevelt.  The story of a man's descent into madness, Dread previewed in Brooklyn to an excellent reception, but on the next day—October 29—the New York stock market crashed. After seeing the rushes, Fox immediately offered Tracy a long-term contract. Actors have no damn place in politics, period. They were sent to the Naval Training Station in northern Illinois, where they were still students when World War I came to an end.  It was popular with the public, going on to make $1.3 million worldwide. Tracy was hopeful that it would be his break-out role, but despite good reviews this failed to materialize.  Studies at two more institutions, plus the additional allowance of "war credits", won Tracy a place at Ripon College. , Tracy's next three appearances were all war-based. Edward J. Flanagan in “Boys Town.”.  Tracy made his New York debut in October 1922, in a play called The Wedding Guests, and then his Broadway debut three months later playing a wordless robot in R.U.R. AKA Spencer Bonaventure Tracy. , Tracy spent most of the next two years at home with Hepburn, living what she described as a quiet life: reading, painting, and listening to music. Tracy was hopeful that it would be his break-out role, but despite good reviews this failed to materialize. His sister, Louise Treadwell "Susie" Tracy, announced his death.
", Tracy received his first Academy Award nomination in 12 years for playing the role of Stanley Banks in Father of the Bride (1950). " MGM publicist Howard Strickling told the media that Tracy had been alone when he died and was found by his housekeeper. " Three films were made in quick succession, all of which were unsuccessful at the box office. And when he's low, he's very, very low.
 He made his stage debut in June 1921, playing the male lead in The Truth. , In the 1930s, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was the most respected movie production studio in Hollywood. " The Last Mile opened on Broadway in February, where Tracy's performance was met by a standing ovation that lasted 14 curtain calls. ", Fury was followed one month later with the release of the big-budget disaster movie San Francisco (1936).  Appearing alone on screen for most of the film, Tracy considered The Old Man and the Sea the toughest part he ever played. John Ford saw his critically acclaimed performance in the lead role in the play "The Last Mile" and signed him to Up the River (1930) for Fox.  Tracy increasingly lived in hotels and by the 1940s, the two were effectively living separate lives. The story of a man's rise to prosperity, written by Preston Sturges, Tracy's performance as railroad tycoon Tom Garner received uniformly strong reviews. Pat and Mike became one of the duo's most popular and critically acclaimed films. Remains: Buried, Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, Glendale, CA. He told Joan Fontaine, "I can get a divorce whenever I want to, but my wife and Kate like things just as they are. I just project myself as I am—plain, trying to be honest. He's the most difficult son-of-a-bitch I've ever known. Curtis (2011) p. 45. Had two children from his marriage to Louise Treadwell: Son, John Ten Broeck Tracy (born 26 June 1924, died 15 June 2007) and daughter, Louise Treadwell 'Susie' Tracy (born July 1 1932).  In January 1965, he was diagnosed with hypertensive heart disease and also began treatment for a previously ignored diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
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